Dexamethasone Tablet Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and How to Use

Dexamethasone Tablet Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and How to Use: Hello friends, in today’s article we are going to provide you information about one such medicine. Which is not available at all without doctor’s advice. This medicine is considered very beneficial and has more than one use.

Almost all of us must have heard about this tablet. The name of this tablet is Dexamethasone Tablet. Let us start by knowing about it first.

Dexamethasone Tablet Uses, Benefits, Side Effects
Dexamethasone Tablet Uses, Benefits, Side Effects

What is Dexamethasone Tablets

Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid medicine belonging to the ‘steroid group’, which is available in the market in the form of tablets, injections, cream and solution. It is manufactured by Cadila Pharmaceuticals Limited.

Dexamethasone tablets have ‘immunosuppressant’ and ‘anti-inflammatory’ properties which play an important role in fighting infectious diseases and reducing inflammation. It is noteworthy that dexamethasone emerged as a very successful medicine during the ‘Corona period’. Dexamethasone has been in use in India since the sixties. And today the annual sales of dexamethasone tablets are more than Rs 100 crore. Actually ‘Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate’ is a common steroid.

There are a total of eight producers in India, including small and big ones. At the same time, there are more than fifteen companies in the country manufacturing different ‘formulations’ of dexamethasone i.e. tablets, injections etc.

Information about Dexamethasone Tablets

Dexamethasone Tablet is used to treat chronic inflammatory, allergic, hematologic, neoplastic and autoimmune diseases. This medicine also helps in treating conditions like arthritis, blood, hormone, immune system disorders, allergic reactions, skin and eye diseases, respiratory problems, bowel disorders and cancer. Adrenal gland disorders can be tested using it.

Dexamethasone is a type of corticosteroid steroid hormone (glucocorticoid). It reduces the body’s natural defensive response and removes inflammation and allergic reactions. The patient’s stomach may get upset after its use. To avoid this, doctors recommend taking this medicine with food or milk.

This medicine should be taken on the advice of a doctor. Due to its overdose, many types of side effects can be seen. These include moon face, obesity, high BP, psychosis, hallucination, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, peptic ulcer and lack of fluids in the body.

If you have any type of allergy or any fungal infection then you should avoid using this medicine. Apart from this, patients suffering from diseases like liver and kidney disease, thyroid, congestive heart failure, high BP, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease and thromboembolic disorders should inform the doctor about these diseases before taking this medicine.

The information given here is based on salt (ingredients). Its uses and side effects may vary from one person to another. Before using the medicine, you must consult an Internal Medicine Specialist.

What is Dexamethasone Tablet used for?

Dexamethasone is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders, and certain types of cancer. It is also used to test adrenal gland disorders.

Dexamethasone is a type of corticosteroid hormone (glucocorticoid). It reduces the body’s natural defensive response and relieves symptoms such as swelling and some allergic-type reactions.

Other uses – This section lists uses of the drug that are not officially recognized as drug uses, but may be recommended by some doctors. The uses of the medications described in this section are not officially recognized by professional doctors, yet many doctors recommend their use. Dexamethasone is also used to prevent nausea and vomiting that are caused by cancer chemotherapy.

Dexamethasone Tablets Price

Dexamethasone tablets are available at very cheap prices. Under the ‘Drug Price Control Order’ policy of the Government of India, sufficient tablets of dexamethasone can be purchased for five-ten rupees. A sheet of 30 Dexamethasone tablets of 0.5 mg quantity is available for only seven rupees.

Apart from this, if you are troubled by any kind of infection in your body, then let us know how we can get rid of all these problems by using Azithral 500 tablet.

Dexamethasone Tablet Uses

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Take food or milk to avoid stomach problems. Take the tablet with a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters), unless otherwise directed by your doctor. If you are using this medication in liquid form, carefully weigh the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon as you may not have the correct dosage.

If you take this medicine once a day, take it before 9 am. If you take this medication every other day or on a different time than daily, it may help to mark your calendar with a reminder.

The dosage and duration of care depend on your medical condition and response to treatment. Take this medication exactly as prescribed. Observe the dosage plan carefully. Your doctor may try to reduce your dose gradually over time to prevent side effects.

Do not stop talking without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may worsen when the medication is stopped unexpectedly. You may also experience symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, fatigue or muscle/joint pain. To avoid these symptoms when you stop taking this medication, your doctor may gradually reduce your dose. For more information, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Report any new or worsening symptoms immediately.

Benefits of Dexamethasone Tablets

Dexamethasone is used to relieve physical problems like allergies, ‘multiple sclerosis’ (multiple schelerhoisis), swelling of joints, swelling of brain or spinal nerves, croup, Cushing’s syndrome or adrenal gland insufficiency i.e. ‘Cushing’s syndrome’. Is done in. Dexamethasone tablet is very useful in infections. Dexamethasone tablets also proved to be very helpful in preventing corona. Not only this, dexamethasone is used in some cancer cases.

Dexamethasone tablets target cancer cells, thereby increasing the effect of chemotherapy. Dexamethasone tablets have an old relationship with the sports world. Dexamethasone is given to players for quick recovery from injuries.

However, falling in the steroid category, dexamethasone tablets have been ‘banned’ for players by the International Doping Agency; But it can be used in treatment.

Precautions and warnings for use of Dexamethasone Tablet

Take these precautions before using dexamethasone;

  • prescription or over-the-counter medications, especially anticoagulants (blood thinners) such as warfarin (Coumadin), arthritis medications, aspirin, cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), digoxin (Lenoxin), diuretics (water pills), ephedrine, estrogens (Premarin), ketoconazole Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking phenytoin (Nizoral), oral contraceptives, phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin (Rifadin), theophylline (Theo Dur), and vitamins.
  • If you have a fungal infection (other than skin), do not use dexamethasone without asking your doctor.
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to dexamethasone, aspirin, tartarin (a yellow dye that occurs in processed drugs and foods), or any other medications.
  • If you are pregnant, planning to be, or breastfeeding, tell your doctor. If you become pregnant while taking dexamethasone, talk to your doctor.
  • If you are going to have any kind of surgery, such as dental surgery, then tell your dentist that you are taking dexamethasone.
  • If you have ever had ulcers or have taken large amounts of aspirin or other arthritis medications, limit your alcohol intake while taking this medication. Dexamethasone can make your stomach and intestines sensitive to the irritating effects of alcohol, aspirin, and some types of arthritis medications. These effects increase your risk of ulcers.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had liver, kidney, bowel or heart disease, diabetes, underactive thyroid gland, high blood pressure, brain disease, myasthenia gravis, osteoporosis, herpes, eye infection, epilepsy, TB or ulcers. And tell the pharmacist about this.

How dexamethasone tablets work

Dexamethasone tablets are a medicine falling in the category of ‘synthetic corticosteroids’. Which reaches the cells of our body and forms a compound with ‘glucocorticoid receptors’, and similarly enters the cell nucleus.

It binds to the DNA in the cell nucleus and stimulates the natural effects of biological hormones. Apart from this, when there is any infection in our body, ‘fluids’ are released in the body to fight it, which causes swelling. Dexamethasone tablet reduces the amount of these fluids, and thus the swelling also goes down.

Side effects of Dexamethasone Tablet

Some side effects include, but are not limited to; Changes in eyesight, swelling and rapid weight gain.

If you experience any symptoms associated with an allergic reaction, seek emergency medical attention; Hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat.

Consult your doctor if you notice any of the following side effects:

  • severe depression, unwanted thoughts and behavioral changes, epilepsy;
  • Blood in stool, coughing up blood;
  • Problems with eyesight;
  • Swelling, rapid weight gain, difficulty breathing,
  • Pancreatitis (severe pain from upper abdomen to lower back, vomiting and nausea, rapid heart rate)
  • High blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, ringing in your ears, nervousness, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, uneven heartbeats, seizures).
  • low potassium (confusion, abnormal heartbeats, excessive thirst, increased urination, discomfort in the legs, muscle weakness or limp feeling);

Less severe side effects include;

  • muscle weakness
  • Change in body shape or change in fat (especially in arms, legs, face, neck, breasts and waist)
  • slow wound healing
  • Acne, dry skin, thinning skin, blisters, or discoloration
  • increased sweating
  • headache, stomach ache, flatulence
  • Problems sleeping (insomnia), mood changes

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There are some side effects which are not mentioned above. If you notice any side effects, please talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Dexamethasone Tablets Dosage

Take dexamethasone tablets as directed by your doctor. Dexamethasone comes in many forms like tablet, syrup, injection, so the doctor decides what to take according to the need of your problem. The doctor decides its dosage according to your age, gender, physical capacity and severity of the disease.

Many people taking dexamethasone tablets may have trouble sleeping. Because it instantly energizes you, thus disturbing your sleep. To avoid this problem, take dexamethasone tablets in the morning.

What kind of effects can eating Dexamethasone Tablet have on health?

Dexamethasone may have adverse effects on your health condition. This effect may worsen your health condition or reduce the way the medicine works. It is important that you tell your doctor and pharmacist about your health condition.

Other medical problems may affect the effectiveness of this medicine. Tell your doctor if you have other medical problems, especially;

  • Diabetes;
  • Eye infection;
  • fluid retention
  • Glaucoma;
  • Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar);
  • heart failure
  • Cushing’s syndrome (adrenal gland problem)
  • fungal infection
  • Herpes simplex eye infection – should not be used in patients with this condition.
  • myasthenia gravis (severe muscle weakness);
  • Osteoporosis(weakness of bones);
  • Peptic ulcer, active or pre-existing;
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure);
  • cataracts ;
  • change in personality
  • Stomach or intestine problems (such as diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis)
  • Infection (eg bacterial, virus, fungus);
  • mood changes, such as depression
  • TB, inactive – use with caution. This may worsen the situation.

FAQ: Dexamethasone Tablet Uses

Q: Is dexamethasone making me gain weight?

Use of Dexamethasone increases appetite which leads to weight gain.

Q: Does Dexamethasone increase blood sugar levels?

The use of Dexamethasone tablets increases the blood-sugar level in the body. It causes an increase in glucose and reduces the effect of insulin. In such a situation, diabetic patients should avoid taking this medicine.

Q: What is Dexamethasone?

Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid. It reduces inflammation and allergic reactions by reducing the body’s natural defensive response.

Q: Is it safe to take dexamethasone with paracetamol?

Paracetamol and dexamethasone can be taken together. It is completely safe.

Q: What dietary instructions should be followed during the treatment?

Along with the use of this medicine, your doctor may advise you to take a low sodium, potassium rich and high protein diet. Keep in mind that Dexamethasone should not be consumed on an empty stomach.

Q: Should Dexamethasone be taken before or after meals?

Dexamethasone can be taken with or after meals. It is completely safe in both cases. Doctors always recommend taking it with food or milk.

Q: Is Dexamethasone a steroid?

Dexamethasone is a steroid class drug.


It is clear from the discussion so far that Dexamethasone tablets are used in problems like infection, allergy, reducing swelling, arthritis, asthma, lupus etc.

It strengthens our immune system. Dexamethasone is also used in cancer, and it increases the effect of chemotherapy. Obviously, we can benefit from the use of Dexamethasone tablets in many diseases, but the harm caused by misuse of this medicine is also no less.

Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor before taking dexamethasone, a drug of the ‘steroid’ class. Friends, I hope that today’s post has been useful for you. If you liked the article, then share it with your friends also.

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